By 2033, over 4,000 miles of underground fiber will be beneath sea water, and hundreds of data centers will be affected, reseachers at University of Wisconsin–Madison and the University of Oregon say. The conduits carrying the internet cables and the cables themselves are not designed for it — they’re water-resistant but not waterproof. That means global communications will get disrupted if action isn’t taken to mitigate the risk, the experts say.
New York, Miami, and Seattle are the three major U.S. conurbations that the group says are most susceptible to metro-area cable inundation. However, the effects would ripple through the internet. And Los Angeles would be hit in its long-haul installations.
It is “critical communications infrastructure that could be submerged by rising seas.” And it is going to happen “in as soon as 15 years,” according to the researchers’ study.
“Most of the damage that’s going to be done in the next 100 years will be done sooner than later,” says Paul Barford, a computer science professor at UW-Madison, in the news release about the study. He says the finding caught them off guard because the team initially thought 50 years would be a good planning period to work to. But “we don’t have 50 years,” he says.
Over 1,100 “traffic hubs” will also become “surrounded” by water in addition to the signal-attenuating and corrosion-causing water seepage into the metro- and long-haul-cables. Colocation facilities, data centers, and points of presence are described as traffic hubs in the report. None of those are “designed to be under water permanently.”
And no one is currently thinking about how to address the issue, the researchers say. “Developing mitigation strategies should begin soon,” it says in the report (pdf).
Electrical signal loss and outright fiber breakages caused by water freezing in winter are additional threats from the seawater ingress.
Climate change estimates
The report authors obtained their grim findings through use of climate change estimates supplied by U.S. government agency the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Digital Coast project. It produces Sea Level Rise Inundation (SLRI) tables. The group combined those numbers with Internet Atlas geocoded maps. The combo prophesizes a six-foot rise in sea level over 100 years, and a one-foot rise over 15 years, the report says.
However, not much more internet infrastructure is found at the six-foot sea-levels point compared with one foot. The team reckons most of the critical stuff is actually below one foot — that’s how the report gets to its 15-year uh-oh projection. In fact, it says 235 data centers would be affected by a one-foot rise in sea water by 2030, and that seven more will be “surrounded by four feet of sea water in 2075.”
Melting polar ice and expanding water (water can expand as it heats up) caused by heat-trapping, global-blanket-like industrial gasses is factored into the datasets the team used.
Storm surges, as occurred with hurricanes Katrina and Sandy, should be looked at as potential impact indicators, the researchers say. Communications systems in those events were devastated by sea incursions onto land.
CenturyLink, Intelliquent (formerly Tinet), and AT&T are most at risk for having infrastructure impacted, according to the study. Mitigation should include hardening infrastructure, along with backup and alternative, reliable routings that may have to include new, re-negotiated rights of way along higher ground, rather than the existing, commonly used rail lines and highways — links also at risk.